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风电规模化发展须标准先行

文章来源:新意玻璃钢 已有次个人浏览并咨询 打印 发表时间:2014-08-11 08:57

需要重新认识中小型风机的技术难度,确立新的行业技术标准体系,强化试验与检测,更新和制定相应的标准,以打通目前产业遇到的技术瓶颈,推动产业未来的健康发展。

  JINNIANLAI,SUIZHE“LVSEZHAOMING”、“JIENENGJIANPAI”ZHENGCECHUTAI,YIJIGUANGDAPIANYUANDIQUJINONGCUNNENGYUANQINGJIEFAZHANDEBEISHOUGUANZHU,TEBIESHIZAIDAXINGFENGDIANSHEBEIZHIZAOYECHUXIANCHANNENGGUOSHENGMIAOTOUDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANJINRUZHONGDUOYENEIRENSHIDESHIYE,ERZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANDEFAZHANYEBEILIERUGUOJIAXINNENGYUANCHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA,CHENGWEIFENGDIANXINGYEDEYIZHIYIJUNTUQIDELILIANG。3YUE29RIZAIJINGZHAOKAIDENENGYUANXINGYEFENGDIANBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,YOUGUANZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEBIAOZHUNZHIDINGDEWENTIYINQILEYUHUIDAIBIAODEREYI。BENBAOJIUXIANGGUANHUATI,CAIFANGLEZHONGGUONONGYEJIXIEGONGYEXIEHUIFENGDIANSHEBEIFENHUIFUMISHUZHANGSHENDECHANG。

  大小风电标准差别大

  中国能源报:对于此次国家能源局牵头发布的《风电标准体系框架》(讨论稿),您将提出哪些修改和完善建议?

  SHENDECHANG:KAOLVDAOZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANSHEBEIDEYINGYONGLINGYUHEYONGHUYUDAXINGBINGWANGFENGLIFADIANJIZUYOUMINGXIANQUBIE,WOMENJIANYI《BIAOZHUNKUANGJIA》ZHONGYINGGAIDANLIEYIGEZHANGJIELAIBIANZHIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANJIZUDEJISHUBIAOZHUNHEYINGYONGGUIFAN。

  TICHUZHEIXIANGJIANYIDELIYOUZAIYUZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANJIZUYUDAXINGBINGWANGFENGDIANJIZUZAIJISHUGUIGE、ANZHUANGGUIFAN、KONGZHIFANGSHIHEYINGYONGFANGSHISHANGDOUCUNZAIQUBIE。DAXINGFENGLIJIDETATONGSHIGOUZAOHEXIAOXINGFENGLIJIDETAGANSHIGOUZAOJIUJUEDINGLELIANGZHEZAIANZHUANGFANGSHISHANGDEBUTONG。ERQIEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJIZAIGUONEIDEYINGYONGZHUYAOSHIDULIYUNXING(LIWANG)DEFANGSHI。ZAIFADAGUOJIA,SUIRANEDINGGONGLV5QIANWAYISHANGDEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANJIZUJIUKEYIBINGWANGFADIAN,DANSHIZAIDIDIANYACEBINGWANG,ZHEIHEDAXINGFENGDIANJIZUZAIGAODIANYACEBINGWANGDEJISHUGUIFANYECUNZAIBUTONG。ZAIYINGYONGFUWUFANGSHISHANG,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJIZHUYAOMIANDUIDESHINONG、MU、YUMINYONGHU,FENGGUANGHUBULUDENGYONGHU,YIJIXIAOXINGQIYEYONGHUHESHEQUYONGHU,ZHEIHEDAXINGFENGDIANJIZUMIANDUIFENGDIANCHANGYEZHUHEDIANWANGQIYEXIANGBI,ZAIXINGYEBIAOZHUNSHEDINGSHANGYEYOUHENDAQUBIE。

  ZHONGGUONENGYUANBAO:JIYUZENYANGDEFAZHANXIANZHUANG,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEYEXUYAOBIAOZHUNDEGUIFANYINDAO?

  SHENDECHANG:WOGUODEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYESHIGENJUGUONEIYONGHUXUQIU,ZAIGUOJIADEDALIZHICHIXIA,YIKAOGUONEIJISHULILIANG,CONG70NIANDAIMOZHUBUFAZHANQILAIDEXIAOXINGNENGYUANCHANYE,CHANPINJUBEIZIZHUZHISHICHANQUAN,SHEBEIGUOCHANHUALVKEDADAO100%。SHANGSHIJI80NIANDAI,GUOJIATICHUYAOJIEJUEPIANYUANDIQUNONGMUMINYONGDIANWENTIDEHAOZHAO,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJIZAIJIEJUEPIANYUANDIQUNONGMUMINGONGDIANWENTIZHONGFAHUILEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。MUQIAN,WOGUOYINENGPILIANGSHENGCHAN100W DAO50 kW DEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANJIZU。JINNIANLAI,YOUYUWOGUOXIAOXINGFENGLIJIZAIFENGGUANGHUBULUXITONG、TONGXUNJIZHANHEYOUTIANDENGLINGYUDECHENGGONGYINGYONG,YIKAISHIXINGCHENGLEGUIMOHUASHENGCHANNENGLI。

 JIN5NIANLAI,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANJIZUDECHANLIANGZENGZHANGJIAOKUAI。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,JIEZHI2009NIANDI,WOGUOCONGSHIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJIZUKAIFA、YANZHI、SHENGCHANDEDANWEIYUE100JIA。 GENJUZUIXINDEQINGKUANGTONGJI, 2009NIANWOGUOZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJIDANGNIANXIAOSHOULIANGCHAOGUO9WANTAI,NIANZENGZHANGLVDADAO30%YISHANG。DAO2009NIANDI,WOGUOZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJILINIANLAILEIJICHUKOUZONGLIANGYICHAOGUO12WANTAI。

  DANJIEZHI2009NIAN,WOGUOXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEDEGUIMORENGRANBUDA,SHICHANGRENGCHUYUPEIYUHECHENGZHANGQI。YUCITONGSHI,SUIRANWOGUODEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJICHANPINYOUBAOKUOCHANPINXINGNENGBIAOZHUNHEANQUANBIAOZHUNZAINEIDEJIAOWANZHENGDEGUOJIABIAOZHUN,DANSHICHANPINDEFAZHANHEYINGYONGMOSHIDEBIANHUA,XUYAOGENGXINBIAOZHUNHUOZHIDINGXINBIAOZHUN。MUQIAN,SHICHANGSHANGXIAOSHOUDECHANPINDABUFENMEIYOUJINGGUOGUOJIAJIANCEJIGOUDEJIANCEHERENZHENG,ZHEIYEDAOZHISHICHANGSHANGDECHANPINZHILIANGLIANGYOUBUQI。YINCI,XUYAOJIAQIANGJIANCEHERENZHENGJIGOUDEJIANSHE,JIAQIANGDUISHICHANGDEGUIFANHEGUANLI。

  技术瓶颈须靠标准“打通”

  ZHONGGUONENGYUANBAO:NINRENWEIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEDEBIAOZHUNYINGGAIBAOHANNAXIENEIRONG?

  SHENDECHANG:YOUYUXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANDEYINGYONGFANWEIBUDUANKUODA,YINGMINGQUEGUIKOUBUMEN,JIANLIHEWANSHANXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJIZUDEBIAOZHUN、JIANCE、RENZHENGTIXI。 QUNIANCHENGLIDEZHONGGUOZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANCHANYELIANMENG,JINNIAN4YUEFENJIANGZAIZHONGGUO(SHANGHAI)GUOJIFENGNENGZHANSHANGZHAOKAILIANMENGZHUANTIHUIYI,TAOLUNYITIZHONGBAOKUOJIANLI、WANSHANZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEXIANGGUANDEBIAOZHUNHERENZHENGTIXIDENEIRONG。

另外,中小型风力发电机所面对的自然环境比较恶劣,由于中小型风力机安装高度较低,而且不能远离用电者居住的地方,风受地面粗糙度和障碍物的影响。所以有些中小型风力机是工作在风的紊流区域,风速风向的无规则频繁变化对风力机的破坏性较大。

  长期以来,我国中小风力机的研制过程中,缺乏对中小型风力机使用环境的研究,比较注重风力机的性能测试数据,缺乏对风力机在不同环境下运行可靠性的严格试验。

  YINCI,XUYAOZHONGXINRENSHIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGJIDEJISHUNANDU,QUELIXINDEXINGYEJISHUBIAOZHUNTIXI,QIANGHUASHIYANYUJIANCE,GENGXINHEZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEBIAOZHUN,YIDATONGMUQIANCHANYEYUDAODEJISHUPINGJING,TUIDONGCHANYEWEILAIDEJIANKANGFAZHAN。

  风光互补 前景无限

  ZHONGGUONENGYUANBAO:ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYE,TEBIESHIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJICHANYEWEILAIDEFAZHANQUSHIRUHE?

  SHENDECHANG:DUONIANLAI,XIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANCHANYEZAINONGCUNWUDIANDIQUDEDIANLIJIANSHEFANGMIANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,ERQIEXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJIZUDEBINGWANGYINGYONGYIZAIOUMEIGUOJIATUIGUANGKAILE,KEYISHUO,ZHEIZHONGFENBUSHIDIANYUANHENYOUFAZHANQIANTU。

 CONGMUQIANGUONEIDEQUSHILAIKAN,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJIYUTAIYANGNENGDIANCHIJIEHEZUOWEIHELIDEDULIDIANYUANKEKAIFAGENGDUODEYINGYONGLINGYU,BAOKUOFENGGUANGHUBUGONGDIANXITONG、FENGGUANGHUBUBIANXIESHIDIANYUAN、FENGGUANGHUBUBENGSHUIXITONG、FENGGUANGHUBUZENGYANGXITONG、FENGGUANGHUBUGONGNUANXITONGDENGDENG。SUIZHEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJICHANPINDEDUOYANGHUA,FENGGUANGHUBUDULIGONGDIANXITONGZAISHIZHENGXIANGMU、BIANFANGSHAOSUO、PIANYUANDIQUDOUYOUZHEJIAOGUANGDEYINGYONGQIANJING。

  靠企业和政府共同推动

  ZHONGGUONENGYUANBAO:NINDUIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEWEILAIDEJIANKANGFAZHAN,YOUNAXIEJIANYI?

  SHENDECHANG:WORENWEI,YAOSHIXIANZHONGXIAOXINGFENGDIANCHANYEWEILAIDEJIANKANGKECHIXUFAZHAN,YINGGAICONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANJIAYIZHONGSHI。

  SHOUXIAN,QIYEYINGGAIJIAQIANGXINGYEZILV,QIESHITIGAOWOGUOZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJIDEZHILIANG,TEBIESHIKEKAOXING。JINKUAIJIANLI、WANSHANCHANPINZHILIANGJIANDUTIXI,ZHIYOUJIANQUANCHANPINZHILIANGJIANDUTIXICAINENGDUJUEDIZHICHANPINJINRUSHICHANG,CAINENGJICHANYEYIGEGONGPINGJINGZHENG、JIANKANGFAZHANDEHUANJING。DUIYUXINCHANPIN,BIXUJINGGUOYANGEDEYEWAISHIYANKAOYAN,CHANPINDADAOXINGNENGHEKEKAOXINGYAOQIUHOU,CAINENGTOUFANGSHICHANG。

  TONGSHI,XIWANGZHENGFUXIANGMUWEIXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJICHANPINTIGONGYIGETUIGUANGDEJIHUI。“JINTAIYANGSHIFANGONGCHENG”RANGYEJIEKANDAOLEZHONGXIAOXINGFENGJIZAIFENGGUANGHUBUXITONGLINGYUDEYINGYONGQIANJING,WEILAI,HAIXIWANGZHENGCESHANGNENGGOUCHUTAIJINYIBUDEGULICUOSHI。YOUYUZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJIDEYINGYONGDUIXIANGSHIGUANGDAPIANYUANDIQUDENONGMUMIN,SHIFOUKEYIKAOLVZAI“NONGJIXIAXIANG”ZHENGCEZHONG,BAZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJINARU“NONGJIXIAXIANG”XINGLIE,RUTONG“TAIYANGNENGXIAXIANG”NEIYANGJIQIYETIGONGYIDINGSHUEDECAIZHENGBUTIE,TONGSHIZAISHUISHOUZHENGCESHANGJIYUYOUHUI,BANGZHUQIYEKAITUOSHICHANGKONGJIAN?

  LINGWAI,WOMENYEQIDAIYEJIEGENGDACHENGDUSHANGGUANZHUXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJICHANYEDEJISHUJINBU。ZAIWOGUODEXINNENGYUANXINGYEZHONG,ZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIFADIANJIFENGGUANGHUBUXINNENGYUANCHANYESHIWEISHUBUDUODEYUGUOWAIJISHUSHUIPINGCHAJUBUDADECHANYE,RUGUONENGBAZHEIGECHANYEZUODA,JIUNENGSHIZHONGXIAOXINGFENGLIJICHENGWEIJUYOUGUOJISHICHANGJINGZHENGLIDECHANPIN,WEIWOGUOCHUKOUCHUANGHUIZUOCHUYUELAIYUEDADEGONGXIAN。

  最后,我们希望国家有关部门能尽早制定出允许中小型风电机组并网的政策;继续对边远离网地区应用中小型风电机组的用户给予一定比例的补贴;鼓励企业出口,对出口企业进行产品的国际认证给予一定比例的补贴;加强国内外企业之间的技术交流与合作。积极支持中国中小型风力发电产业持续、稳定、健康地发展。